FGM major factor in high maternal mortality rates in Africa / FGM verantwortlich für hohe Müttersterblichkeit in Afrika

2 Aug

In the course of its 15th summit, held in Kampala / Uganda from July 19th to July 27th, the African Union has reinforced its commitments to implementing the Maputo Protocol and Plan of Action, which deals with issues related to sexual and reproductive health and women’s rights related to sexual and maternal health. In accordance to the theme of the summit, “Maternal, infant and child health development in Africa”, the African Union launched a Campaign on Accelerated Reduction of Maternal Mortality in Africa, short CARMMA.

Despite the efforts to meet the Millennium Development Goals 4, 5 and 6, which deal with maternal and infant health, maternal mortality remains a big problem in Africa, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. The vast majority of the 500,000 women worldwide who die during childbirth or due to complications after giving birth continue to be African women.

Female genital mutilation is one of the major reasons for complications during childbirth. The risk of dying during childbirth increases greatly for both the mother and the infant if the mother has been genitally mutilated. Yet, statements on maternal mortality often fail to acknowledge the problem of FGM.

“It is very important that this aspect is not ignored when discussing the problem of maternal mortality in Africa. Genitally mutilated women face a much higher risk of serious complications and death during childbirth than women who have not been mutilated. Strict laws against and education are crucial in the fight against maternal mortality in Africa and have to be at the core of every programme to foster maternal and reproductive health.” – Waris Dirie

Source: African Union

Die Afrikanische Union hat ihr Engagement im Kampf gegen die hohe Muttersterblichkeit in Afrika im Rahmen ihrer Vollversammlung in Kampala / Uganda vom 19. bis 27. Juli 2010 bekräftigt, und die Wichtigkeit der Umsetzung des Maputo Protokolls, welches sich mit Familienplanung und sexueller Gesundheit und Vorsorge für Frauen beschäftigt, betont. Die Afrikanische Union startete außerdem das sogenannte CARMMA Projekt (Campaign on Accelerated Reduction of Maternal Mortality in Africa – Kampagne zur schnelleren Reduzierung der Müttersterblichkeit in Afrika).

Trotz der bisherigen Bemühungen, die Millennium Entwicklungsziele 4, 5 und 6 zu erfüllen, welche sich auf die Gesundheit von Müttern und Kindern beziehen, ist die hohe Sterblichkeit bei der Geburt weiterhin ein großes Problem, vor allem im südlichen Afrika. Die große Mehrheit der etwa 500,000 Frauen, die jährlich bei oder an den Folgen von Komplikationen der Geburt sterben, sind afrikanische Frauen.

Weibliche Genitalverstümmelung ist einer der Hauptursachen für Komplikationen bei der Geburt. Das Risiko, sowohl für die Mutter als auch für das zu gebärende Kind, während der Geburt zu sterben ist bei einer genitalverstümmelten Frau um ein vielfaches höher als bei einer nichtverstümmelten Frau. Trotzdem wird FGM in vielen Aussagen zu Müttersterblichkeit in Afrika ausgeklammert.

„Es ist sehr wichtig, diesen Aspekt nicht zu ignorieren wenn wir über das Problem der hohen Müttersterblichkeit in Afrika sprechen. Genitalverstümmelte Frauen haben ein sehr viel höheres Risiko für schwere Komplikationen während der Geburt als Frauen, die nicht verstümmelt sind. Strenge Gesetze gegen FGM und Aufklärung über die Gefahren sind ein wichtiger Aspekt im Kampf gegen die hohe Müttersterblichkeit in Afrika und sollten Teil jedes Programmes zur Förderung von Frauengesundheit und Familienplanung sein.“ – Waris Dirie

Quelle: Afrikanische Union

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